The words gene, genetics, genome and genomics are all derived from a Greek word gen, which means birth or origin. While genetics and genomics may sound similar, and are related, the information that each focus is different.
Genetics is the study of heredity. Genomics is defined as the study of genes and their functions, and related techniques.
In cancer treatment, the option for genetic or genomic testing may be useful. Genetic testing can help to tell you your risk for getting cancer. It usually involves testing the individual for a specific genetic mutation that makes them more likely to develop cancer. Genomic testing can help once you have cancer to choose your course of care. It refers to testing an individual’s tumour to analyse its specific properties in order to create a better treatment plan.